Sleep Disorders in People with Type 2 DiabetesMellitus and Hypertension.

 

Clinical Imaging and Case Reports

Sleep Disorders in People with Type 2 DiabetesMellitus and Hypertension.
Anna Isayeva

Department of Complex risk Reduction of Chronic non-communicable diseases, L.T. Malaya Therapy,National Institute of the National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine

Correspondence to Author: Anna Isayeva
Abstract:
Background: One of the most common non-cardiac complaints in hypertension individuals is sleep problems. Insomnia, short sleep duration, and obstructive sleep apnea are all known risk factors for high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. There is, however, little data available on the prevalence of various sleep problems in hypertensive individuals. Aim: In this study, patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes were evaluated for their prevalence of various sleep disorders and their level of daytime sleepiness. Methods: There was a cross-sectional study done with 120 patients. There are 23 healthy individuals and 38 patients with hypertension totaling 82 people with combination type 2 diabetes and hypertension. The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Third Edition criteria were used to determine the diagnosis of insomnia. The severity of the daytime sleepiness was measured using the Epworth scale. SOMNO check micro helped to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea. Conclusion: Insomnia and problems with the circadian rhythm of sleep and wakefulness are the most frequent sleep disorders in people with high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus. Compared to the control group, people with hypertension and diabetes mellitus experience sleep disturbances more frequently. Patients with hypertension were more likely to experience insomnia, whereas those with diabetes and high blood pressure were more likely to experience circadian sleep disturbances.
Keywords:

Sleep Wake Disorders; Dyssomnias; Sleep Disorders;Circadian Rhythm; Sleepiness; Hypertension; Diabetes Mellitus; Sleep Apnea; Obstructive

Citation:

Anna Isayeva. Sleep Disorders in People with Type 2 DiabetesMellitus and Hypertension.. Clinical Imaging and Case Reports 2023.